Over the last several decades, three factors have led to significant advances in genetic improvement of cattle:  the use of artificial insemination; precise genetic evaluation and selection; and advances in our knowledge of genomics and the development of its tools.  The use of genomic information in genetic evaluation has led to a revolutionary change in selection of dairy and beef cattle. 

Genomic assessments increase reliability of genetic evaluations and have the potential to quickly increase the rate of genetic improvement of many production traits, reducing generation intervals and the number of animals needed for progeny tests. The use of genomic information is especially effective when there is limited information, such as in the case of newborn animals, and for traits with low hereditability rates that are difficult to measure.  All the above translates into economic benefits for cattle breeders and ranchers. 

Mexico’s economic and social growth requires the creation of alliances between the government, production and academic sectors that will foster development of cattle ranching activities, mainly by advantageously using and improving available genomic biotechnologies.